Haunted by Lost Love: Escaping Our Preoccupation with the World Inside Our Head


We live in two worlds: the real one around us and the one we think about when we are by ourselves. The “inner version” contains past loves, loves unavailable now in the actual world. Within us we can access fantasy and memory, a bygone time of affection and its disappearance. Thus, those lost relationships can “live” inside of us, even if we never see the object of our romantic attachment again. By the end of this essay I hope you and I will share a clear idea of the differences between these two worlds; and a sense of what to do if you are captured by the troubling and stirring inner world of lost love.

I’ll concern myself with two kinds of love and the overlap between them:

  • Romantic love you once had and lost: love lost because someone broke your heart.
  • Romantic love you tried for but didn’t win: love unfulfilled. This category would include everyday unrequited love, as well as erotic transference toward a therapist.

Where does love begin? With reasons or emotions? Most would say the latter. Language is telling. We are “swept away.” We “fall” in love. We become “love sick.” Note the passivity of these descriptions. Love is not caused by logic or careful analysis. Romance “happens.” Once the love blooms, however, reasons follow and justify our feelings and continuing preoccupation.

The person preoccupied with vanished affection is also occupied by it: occupied in the military sense. An emotional army invades and takes control of our head and heart. These are the soldiers of the cruel King of Hearts, the man who now governs our internal life. The monarch makes sure the idea of the beloved — the image of the beloved, the fragrance and touch and voice of the beloved — cannot be escaped. The heartless King of Hearts insists we review our life of heartbreak. Review and review and review, enacting a repeated agony.


The one we love now has two lives. She is “out there,” living a life on planet earth; and she is “in there,” living an existence unknown to her, experienced only by us. The manufactured being does not think and act identically to the being in the world. We only think so.

We spend time wondering about her. What is she doing now? Who is she with? Does she think about me? What does she think about me?

We are neither voyeurs nor mind readers. Her real identity is a mystery, while her created identity is made up of the language with which we form her life inside of us. The more enchanted our inner life of unreality (and the more distant we are in time from the relationship’s termination),  the greater the disparity between this person as she is now (outside of us) and who we imagine her to be. Ironically, the creature we most want to know we unwittingly make unknowable in the act of obsession. “Make,” however, may be too strong a word. Obsession is, perhaps, not a choice, but a thing that just happens to us, like the love by which we were captured.

In either case the lady leads a double-life, one-half of which is a false representation enhanced and enlarged by our emotional and mental process. We trap ourselves by creating a divinity, a goddess requiring worship, with an internal shrine of our own making. Meanwhile, our regular-sized existence is diminished by the outsized, manufactured mirage. How can we then fail to think we would be happier if only we were with this person, this entity who is more magnificent than humanly possible? Better, indeed, than she was when she was with us, in most cases. Did we filter out some unpleasantness from our memory?


We are tortured in the process of obsession, including the endless review of small events. Things said casually, unimportant comments and facial expressions that meant nothing we make into something: something fraught with meaning, something important, full of sharp edges.

We run through imagined scenarios. What if I’d done X? What if I’d not done X? We kick ourselves over actions and omissions that, in reality, probably made no difference. Our preoccupation with this past keeps our love alive.

Our love is placed on life-support. So long as the ritual homage we pay to her continues she will not die as a love object. We exercise the terrifying curse of regret-filled imagination to create a posthumous life for the love we feel and the one we love. Thus, like a person traveling to see a sick relative (someone who remains barely alive), we journey to make internal “hospital visits” and drain our days of the energy and time needed to do anything else.

Once the love is history — when the act of chasing and wooing and trying to impress is over — the memory and fantasy stay behind as a cruel, unchanging mockery. Objects of memory don’t age. The longed-for beloved doesn’t get a cold or brush her teeth. She isn’t inconveniently tired. The target of our obsession can’t lose concentration or temper, fail to laugh at our jokes, acquire friends we don’t like, show-up late, or look washed-out before she puts on her lipstick. She is an ageless dream and daydream.

I would not recommend searching for the reasons we maintain the “romance” of a dead romance, to the extent it is a choice. We are not logical creatures, especially when in love. Perhaps we find sustenance in the possibility, however small, of a realization of the love we hope for. “She still might come around” (one says to oneself), acknowledge the error of her ways, plead for a second go. Perchance the lovely Frankenstein someday will turn gentle and reciprocate our affection.

We wait for the phone call, the email, the tweet opening romance’s door. Perhaps we keep love alive because we think this supersized version of yesterday’s love far surpasses what any real, mortal, new person could offer us today. No satisfaction can be found, unfortunately, either in regret or the hopeless hope of a happy ending.

Might we simply not have enough going on in our lives? Is the daily, dull, dreadfulness we think of as real life relieved by a remembered, glorious preoccupation? The fantasy never fails. The ghost is dependable, always there, ever ready to stir us. Pain, after all, can create its own ecstasy.


And so we travel places where our lost love might still be observed or perhaps even met face-to-face. We seek those people with whom she has contact, friends of hers who might know what she is doing, share something she said about us, advise how to win back what we lost. The truth is, however, that every relationship in our life — business, family, friendship — pales in comparison to “the creature.” We suffer a preoccupied inner life at the additional cost of a diminished outer life, a life in the world of touch and taste, of face-to-face interactions and smiles and bruises and sweet perfume you can smell, not just imagine smelling.

What then? Say you’ve had enough pain and want to wrench yourself from all the tendrils holding you back. You go to a therapist. He will, almost certainly, recognize your need to grieve: encourage an emotional processing of the events revolving carousel-like inside of you. The goal is to end the spinning in your head, get you off the torturous wheel. The grief-work allows you to take the memories a step-further than you have until now: to give up hope; to shed tears with a compassionate human, not in isolation; to become angry with the ghost and finally to bury her. Only those we first reduce to human size can fit into a normal grave.

You might ask, doesn’t this “solution” just keep you in your head? Yes, and for that reason therapy is not yet complete. You still must seize the life outside. Treatment isn’t over until you return to the world of possibility and lived experience. The cure must diminish your use of fantasy and memory going forward. The process of burying your late love affair also requires the exhumation of a different person from another grave — a real person who can live in the world and act on the world.

Who might that be?


Yes, you.

You must make history, not regurgitate it, and thereby escape the long reach of your past and present fantasy. You must tear yourself from the metaphorical hand holding you back.

You can do this.

You must accept the knowledge that some of what is in your brain lives only there; that some of what is in your skull could never and can never come to be. Fantasies are like that, otherwise we would call them by a different name.

In this awful truth is encouragement to get past your preoccupations and move on to your occupation with life, accomplishment, friendship, joy, learning, and growth: that which is still possible within the breathing world. And possible only in the lived experience, only in movement, only when you lift your eyes from the darkness to the sun.

Even, perhaps, to find new love.

The top image is called Mariana in the South by John William Waterhouse (ca. 1897). Buddah Head Carved into Living Rock is a photo taken by Photo Dharma in Sadao, Thailand. Finally, Please Touch Gently is the work of Marcus Quigmire. All are sourced from Wikimedia Commons.

18 thoughts on “Haunted by Lost Love: Escaping Our Preoccupation with the World Inside Our Head

  1. Great post. You could have easily titled this piece. How the ruminating mind hangs on to “stuff”. A issue I personally have struggled wth for many years. Continue the great work.


  2. Thanks, Keith. You “got it.” I did, in fact, think about something close to your title suggestion, but was hoping careful readers, such as yourself, would make the connection even with the title I settled on.


  3. Such a necessary step to take to move on from the heartbreak not just from a lost love but also a lost childhood especially when there wasn’t much of a childhood to begin with. Each step taken seems so little and so painful. It’s hard to give up on a fantasy love when without it you’re left with the confronting memories of a loveless life. Fantasies and realities both have their place in our minds and our life but requires a constant balance and leaning toward real life and real relationships with all their complexities of affections and disappointments. Oh but the pain, doesn’t let you do it at the pace you would like.

    Liked by 1 person

    • You have captured the poignant complexity of this dilemma, Claire, and thank you for that. Therapy has historically focused more on the grieving than on ways to get outside of oneself, though more is being written and said and offered now. I hope for you and all those who know the situation because you and they are still emerging, I wish you an increase in the pace. I know you are giving your all.


  4. Great article. I have this problem since i was young.I thought it was just me having trouble of daydreaming the impossibles like what would i say or do if i run into him. A wish that never can come true yet I could not just let go, still stubbornly hoping there is one per cent of chance in a million, that my wish will come true one day. I tell myself that i can wait, but can I really? This article opened a door for me just to start understand of myself, makes me thinking about my past. Thank you


    • I’m very glad this was useful, Aimee. Part of human problems like this is that, while they are entirely personal and give us the sense of being singularly alone with the challenge, there are so many (like Claire, whose comment is above) who also can identify with you. Good luck with this.


  5. Best blog ever. It explains why I have recurring actual dreams about past relationships. Everything you said rings true. You are spot on, Dr. Stein.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Thanks for that, Dr. Stein. Loss in all its varied forms continue to haunt me in strange dreams when I least expect it. The price of being human?


    • As you say, Rosaliene, loss is the price. The cost of obsessional regret — the haunting I described — is that it adds an additional price which can be paid for a very long time (a kind of installment plan!) and preempts a more rewarding way to live. Regret has its uses, but also, its limits. Thanks, Rosaliene.

      Liked by 1 person

  7. Dr Stein,
    Why don’t you think therapists share more of their personal lives with us clients? I ask this because I read this article from the perspective of a client having erotic transference towards therapist. We spent many sessions working through it but I never got over it. And so she remains a fantasy and I remain preoccupied! I often wished she would have just shown me some pictures of say her children (i think she had a son ) husband (I assumed she was married since she wore a wedding ring) so I could see with my own eyes that she had a life that existed outside my own mind. I haven’t seen her in four months, the longing continues but your article brings me hope.
    Thank you for sharing your thoughts Dr. Stein!


    • Therapeutic models are different, Chris. Freud sat behind his patients who were on the couch, leaving them with as little reference to him and his life as was possible, thus allowing the transference to develop with as little objective data about him as possible. I was not a lock-step Freudian and had pictures of my family in the office. But, I think it is quite possible that even with an array of photos of your therapist and her children, the transference might have survived. In any case, keep hoping. Time tends to do some good work in matters like this, especially if you put your own work it, as it sounds like you will.


  8. One of your best posts so. I think I need to reread this every morning. Your ability to metaphorically describe the many facets of this phenomenon is incredible. Perhaps, you too, were once amongst the sufferers.


    • Thank you, Evelyn. Therapists learn in many different ways, but surely the best teacher is personal experience with a thing for anyone. I will say, however, that whatever metaphorical gift I have has been enhanced by reading authors like Homer and Proust. The main difference between me and them is that they will be read for as long as our species occupies the planet (not to dismiss your very kind words).

      Liked by 1 person

  9. This was very helpful — thank you


  10. You, sir, are a treasure. Every single sentence rings deeply true, and you are a master of the metaphor. Not sure if this human condition is solvable, and in your newer https://drgeraldstein.wordpress.com/2019/07/07/what-if-we-could-erase-painful-memories/ the “Eternal Sunshine” approach brings up other issues. Love cuts deep. Have you published a book? You should.


    • You are most kind, Zack. When I was younger the idea of a book had some appeal, but I do appreciate your high praise. Though I lack the ambition, I suppose one never knows. Thanks, again.


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